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Red panda

The red panda is a carnivore that strangely almost exclusively live on vegetable food. Despite some few individuals found also in tropical forest at the foot of the Himalayan mountain range, their most common habitat bamboo forest between 1500 - 4800 meters altitude up on the sides of the mountain range and the species is highly adapted to cold climate.

Threat category according to IUCN
  • Least
  • Near
  • Vulnerable
  • Endangered
  • Critically
  • Utdöd
  • Class Mammals (Mammalia)
  • Order Carnivores (Carnivore)
  • Famiy Red pandas (Ailuridae)
  • Gender Ailurus
  • Species Ailurus fulgens

The body length is approximately 50-70 cm, with a long thick hairy tail that can be up to half a meter long. The tail has rings that are alternately light and dark brown.


Red pandas are normally solitary animals that dominantly live in temperate forests in Naples and eastward through Burma and into China at the base of the mountain range of the Himalayas.

Food habits

Mainly vegetable food in the form of bamboo and other shots and buds, but also berries, insects, eggs and birds.


The species reaches sexual maturity after about 18 months and live for about 10 years.

Threat category

The propagation within the red panda’s normal range of habitat is the greatest threat in the wild, although larger predator raccoon and snow leopard are their natural enemies. When the bamboo forests are cut down this fragments areas where the species normally live, which creates barriers between different areas. This in turn can lead local inbreeding and the hereditary diseases this unfortunately can bring.


Normally the mating period is from January to March and the young, often between 1-3 young, are born after about 4 months of pregnancy. The young are helpless in the beginning and completely blind.

Did you know?

That despite a normally quite calm behavior the red panda can defend themselves with long cat-like claws if threatened?

Despite very similar to species such as raccoons and coatis, they are not closely related, and red pandas are placed in a taxonomic family all on their own.

Red-billed quelea > < Eurasian elk